Chinese Elm Bonsai – Medium – Outdoor
Chinese Elm Bonsai is probably the most common bonsai trees among the Bonsai genus. It is a miniature tree with semi-green leaves that can grow up to 70 feet tall when it is in its natural habitat. The plant has been cultivated for more than a hundred years. It is a very tolerant plant. The plant is very tough and can survive the danger of staying indoors. It has small leaves, very strong bark, nice branches, and firm roots. The tree is native to the East of Asia. The plant is a semi-deciduous one.
Elm Bonsai has attractive, special dark grey to reddish brown bark that will turn open and corky when it is mature. The shape if its branches are very healthy. The leaves are very tiny and beautiful. Its growth pattern is very interesting. This makes it good for beginners who are learning about how to cultivate bonsai.
Elm Bonsai is not comfortable with changes in temperature. The plant prefers temperature that is between 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The tree can be kept indoors when the temperature falls to below 60 degrees. Keeping it within the right temperature means it can flourish all year round.
Chinese Elm like other bonsai trees needs a lot of exposure to light. Turning it to direct light in the morning is nice due to its low intensity. Direct afternoon sun through the window should be avoided because it can burn the plant’s leaves.
Chinese Bonsai likes soil that is a bit moist. To know when to water the plant, dip your finger into the soil. If your finger comes out dry, then it means it is time to water the plant. Do not allow the soil to go dry completely for too long. During winter, the plant would need less water.
But, during summer and spring, the plant would require watering every day depending on the climate of the day. There is no need to keep a water time-table. Just be observant so as to know when to water the plant. If you can use a water mister, it will be nice. Try to moist the plant several times in a week so as to help the plant with humidity. Misting is good for any bonsai. Chinese Elm Bonsai is no exception. Misting should not be replaced for watering of the plant.
Elm requires fertilizer at least every fortnight during its growing season which is usually during spring to fall. Organic fertilizer is well suited for the tree. Make sure the tree is well watered before applying fertilizer.
Elm Bonsai needs pruning so as to form an elegant shape which will help it to bring forth new growth. Pruning requires that you remove the buds, the shoots and a few branches.
Insects and Pest
Elm Bonsai are vulnerable to pests and diseases. The best way to prevent it is to keep it clean and healthy. Ensure that the leaves are free from dust. If you notice the dropping of leaves or insect attack, tackle it immediately. Treat the plant with dish soap mixed with lukewarm water and spray the plant until the solution finishes. After spraying, ensure that you rinse the leaves with clean water and repeat the process at least twice in a week.
Elm Bonsai is very easy to propagate. Do a 6.5 inch cutting of the plant with sharp and dirt-free scissors. This is best done during summer. Place the cutting in a glass of water and see the roots develop. Ensure that you re-pot the roots in a good bonsai soil.